The Museum of the Roman Civilization which situated in Rome’s Esposizione Universale Roma district and stores one of the most impressive models of the city ever created.
It is known as the Plastico di Roma Imperiale, the plaster model which depicts the city of Rome in the 4th century AD at the time of Constantine I.
The intricate model was created by an Italian archaeologist Italo Gismondi. It was derived from the Forma Urbis Romae. The model is at a 1:250 scale and is made of plaster. Gismondi began working on it in 1935 and it took him more than 35 years to finish it.
That’s over three and a half times as long as it took to build the Colosseum. Today, the model is known as one of the most important references of Ancient Rome.
The model was commissioned by Mussolini to commemorate the birth of Augustus (63 BC). The choice to reconstruct the Ancient Rome of the 4th century was chosen not by accident. The reason behind it is that the city, during the time of Constantine (AD 306-337) the city reached its greatest size.
Gismondi had to use maps for this recreation and managed to match the empire’s scale on a ratio of one to one. Gismondi’s work is so detail-oriented that every part of the model lines up perfectly with the map.
Can you spot the Colosseum? Or the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline?
The enormous, more than 200 meters long, model gives us the accurate visualization of the ancient city. It also allows people to test their knowledge of historic landmarks.